As a general rule, however, the process by which a bill becomes law is well prescribed by general or administrative constitutional legislation. This process varies from country to country and from one political system to one political system. To enter into force, a treaty or law must first obtain the required number of votes or ratifications. Sometimes, as with most contracts, this figure can be set by the treaty itself. At other times, as is the case with laws or regulations, it is established by a higher law such as a Constitution or the regulations of the legislature in which it came into being. 2. The law or act shall enter into force at the beginning of the day. 1. Paragraph 2 shall apply where there is no provision for the entry into force of an Act of the Scottish Parliament. .